Province of Quezon
Income Classification: 1st Class
Congressional District: 4 Congressional Districts
No. of Cities and Municipalities: 2 Cities and 39 Municipalities
Land Area: 870.660 has
Population (Census, 2010): 1,987,030
Registered Voters: 1,063,073
Newly Elected Local Officials (2016 Election)
Quezon Province, the sixth largest province in the Philippines, is located in the CALABARZON Region . It has boundaries extending as far as the province of Aurora in the North and Camarines Norte in the South. Spaniards explored the province formerly known as Tayabas, now Quezon, in 1571 and 1572, when Juan Salcedo visited and explored the central portion of Tayabas in his march across Laguna de Paracale upon the order of Miguel Lopez de Legaspi, the first Spanish Governor General of the Philippines. In 1591, Tayabas was created into a province under the name of Kalilayan, now a barrio in the town of Unisan. However, by the middle of the 18th century, the provincial capital was moved to what is now the Municipality of Tayabas. Civil government was established in Tayabas on March 12, 1901, with Lucena as its capital and the late Hon. Cornelius Gardiner, its first Governor. On September 7, 1946, President Manuel A. Roxas, virtue of Republic Act No. 14 renamed the Province of Quezon in honor of President Manuel L. Quezon, who was born in Baler, formerly part of Quezon.
The Province formerly known as Tayabas, was explored by the Spaniards in 1571 and 1572 when Juan de Salcedo visited and explored upon the order of the first Spanish Governor General of the Philippines, Miguel Lopez de Legaspi. They passed through the central portion of Tayabas in his march across Laguna Province to Paracale. The following years, Salcedo led his famous expeditions around the northern coast of Luzon. He visited the "CONTRACOSTA" towns of Casiguran, Baler and Infanta.
In 1574, Father Diego de Oropesa, who found a group of native barangays with their own culture and government, founded the municipality of Gumaca, then called Bumaka. The territory which now constitutes the province of Tayabas was at one time under the jurisdiction of various provinces. The southern and central portions, for example, were in 1585 under the jurisdiction of the province of Bonbon, sometimes called Balayan (now Batangas). the northern portion was divided between Laguna and Nueva Ecija, while the other portion was divided into the provinces of Mindoro, Marinduque and Camarines.
In 1591, Tayabas was created into a province under the name of Kalilayan. Its capital was the ancient town of Tayabas, now a barrio in the town of Unisan where ancient tombs and artifacts can be found. However, by the middle of the 18th century the provincial capital was moved to what is now the municipality of Tayabas. The year 1595 marked the spiritual birth of Quezon Province with its incorporation into the Diocess of Nueva Caceres. The first Catholic Bishop of the province was Fray Francisco Ortiga, an Agustinian Friar, while its first Alcalde Mayor was Don Simeon Alvarez, who served from 1625 to 1655.
In September 7, 1946, President Manuel A. Roxas, by virtue of Republic Act No. 14 renamed the province to Quezon, in honor of the late President Manuel L. Quezon, the most illustrious son of Baler, formerly part of Quezon. The present seat of provincial government is Lucena City, the province's capital.
Quezon Province is bounded on the north by the Province of Aurora, on the west by the Provinces of Laguna and Rizal, on the southwest by the Province of Batangas and on the southeast by Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur.Quezon’s topography is characterized by rugged terrain with few plains, valleys and swamps. Only narrow strips of land along the coast and river valley are available for growing crops. The undulating lowlands along the coast are well drained. The province is very narrow, averaging about thirty (30) kilometers by its width. Slope of the province ranges from 0-3% slopes and above. The topography of the area permits prime agricultural activities within the province.
Major Income Sources: Agriculture, Fishing, Forestry
Special Events/Festivals: Agawan Festival (Sariaya), Mayohan Festival (Tayabas), Pahiyas Festival (Lucban), Aranat Balwarte Festival (Gumaca), Pasayahan sa Lucena (Lucena), Lubid-Lubid Festival (Tiaong), Bilao Festival (Pagbilao), Boling-Boling Festival (Catanauan), Hambujan Festival (Dolores), Centurion & Buhay na Kubol (Gen. Luna), Seafood Festival (Guinayangan)
Address: Old Capitol Building Lucena City, Quezon
Phone: (042) 797-1018 / 373 0009