Province of Rizal
Income Classification: 1st Class
Congressional District: 4 Congressional Districts
No. of Cities and Municipalities:
No. of Barangays: 188 Barangays
Land Area: 1,191.94 km²
Population (NSO Census, 2010): 2,484,840
Registered Voters (COMELEC, January 2010):
Newly Elected Local Officials (2016 Election)
Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON region, just 16 kilometers East of Manila. The province was named after Jose Rizal. Rizal is bordered by Metro Manila to the west, the province of Bulacan to the north, Quezon to the east and Laguna province to the south. The province also lies on the northern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. Rizal is a mountainous province perched on the western slopes of the southern portion of the Sierra Madre mountain range. Antipolo boasts of a wonderful view of Metro Manila and it is where Hinulugang Taktak, a waterfall popular with tourists, can be found. The Rizal Province will be accessed by the future C-6 Road connecting the provinces of Bulacan and Cavite and cities of Taguig (beside Laguna de Bay), Parañaque and Muntinlupa which are located within Metro Manila.
Tagalog settlements arrived in Rizal who were originally Chinese and later had interactions and admixtures with Arab traders long before the Spanish conquest. The provincial territory began with the organization of the Tondo province and Laguna province during the Spanish administration. Some of the towns like Pasig, Parañaque, Taytay and Cainta were already thriving. From the reports of the Encomiendas in 1582-1583, the Encomiendas of Moron (Morong) was under the jurisdiction of La Laguna and, the Encomiendas of Passi (Pasig), Taitay (Taytay) and Tagui (Taguig) belonged to the Province of Tondo. It was recorded that in 1591, the Encomiendas in Moron and Taitay were under the jurisdiction of the Franciscan Order in the Province of La Laguna; and the Encomiendas of Nabotas (Navotas), Tambobo (Malabon), Tondo, Parañaque, Longalo (Dongalo), Tagui and Pasig were under the jurisdiction of the Augustinians in the Province of Tondo.
In 1853, a new political subdivision was formed. This consisted of the towns of Antipolo, Bosoboso, Cainta and Taytay from the Province of Tondo; and the towns of Morong, Baras, Tanay, Pililla, Angono, Binangonan and Jalajala from the Province of La Laguna, with the capital at Morong. This district was later changed to Distrito Politico-Militas de Morong after four years. In 1860, by virtue of Circular No. 83, dated September 2, 1859, the Province of Tondo became the Province of Manila. All its towns were placed under the administration, fiscal supervision and control of the Governor of the new province.
The town of Mariquina (Marikina) became the capital of the Province of Manila during the tenure of the revolutionary government of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. The Province of Morong had for its capital the Town of Antipolo for the period 1898-1899, and the town of Tanay for 1899-1900.
On February 6, 1901, a historic meeting was held at the Pasig Catholic Church for the organization of a civil government in the Provinces of Manila and Morong, with 221 delegates in attendance. The first Philippine Commission headed by William Howard Taft and composed of Commissioners Luke E. Wright, Henry C. Ide, Bernard Moses and Dean C. Worcester, discussed with the Assembly the issue of whether or not to write the Province of Manila with Morong Province, was not self-sufficient to operate as a separate province.
Although the delegates from Morong, Don Hilarion Raymundo and Don Jose Tupas, objected to the proposal, Don Juan Sumulong of Antipolo strongly advocated the move. After much acrimonious debate and upon the suggestion of Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera the body agreed on the creation of a new province independent of the Province of Manila. The new province was aptly named after Jose Protacio Mercado Rizal Y Alonzo Realonda, the country’s national hero.
On June 11, 1901, the Province of Rizal was officially and legally created by virtue of an Act No. 137 by the First Philippine Commission which during the time was acting as the unicameral legislative body in the island of Luzon.
The new province was composed of 29 municipalities, 17 from the old Province of Manila (Caloocan, Las Piñas, Mariquina (Marikina), Lumisang-Aguho, Montalban (Rodriguez), Muntinlupa, Navotas, Novaliches, Parañaque, Pasig, Pateros, Pineda (Pasay), San Felipe Neri (Mandaluyong), San Juan del Monte (San Juan), San Mateo, San Pedro Macati (Makati), Taguig, Tambobong (Malabon); and 12 from the Politico-Militar District of Morong (Angono, Baras, Binangonan, Cainta, Antipolo, Cardona, Jalajala, Morong, Pililla, Tanay, Taytay and Teresa). The City of Manila from the old Province of Manila was treated as a separate entity. The seat of the provincial government was Pasig. In year 1939, Quezon City was established, which included parts of Caloocan, and later on, Novaliches and the parts of San Juan Province.
Rizal Province sits immediately east of Metro Manila. Located 20 kilometers east of Manila, commuters take approximately an hour to reach the provincial seat which is at Antipolo. Generally hilly and mountainous in terrain, most of the province’s southern towns lie in the shores of Laguna de Bay, the country’s largest inland body of water.
Major Income Sources: Trade and Commerce, Manufacturing, Agriculture and Fisheries, Services
Tourist Destinations: Antipolo Cathedral, Hinulugang Taktak, Punta de Fabian Resort and Restaurant, The Kalbaryo in Libid, Our Lady of Light Parish Church, Toothbrush Island, Uugong Park, Mt. Sembrano, Pamitinan Cave, Nuestra Senora de Aranzazu Shrine, Daranak Falls, Club Manila East Resort
Special Events/Festivals: Feast of San Isidro Labrador (Carabao Festival), Higantes Festival, Feast of Saint Clement (Fluvial Parade), Itik Itik Festival, Parehadora Festival, ANG TIPULO Festival, Alay Lakad, Maytime Festival, Kapitanes at Kapitanas, Tromba Festival (May 1), Baras Founding Celebration (every last Sunday of January), SIKARAN Festival (March 15), Binalayan Festival, Sapao-an Festival, Fluvial Parade, Cardona Town Fiesta, Pista ng Arkong Kawayan/ Bamboo Arc Festival, Dalaylay Festival, Jalajala Town Fiesta Celebration, Claudio Day (May 7), Turumba Festival, Flores de Mayo/Sta. Cruzan, Kalabaw Festival, Pamitinan Festival, Araw ng Montalban, Malanday Feast, Ampid Fiesta: Sombrero and Walis Festival, Kawan Holiday (Kab Scout of the Phil.), Parada ng Kakanin, Dulong Bayan Feast, Rodeo Festival (January), Flores de Mayo/Santa Cruzan (May), San Juan Paligo, Sunduan, Hamaka Festival, Banak Festival, Turumba Festival
Address: Provincial Government of Rizal, Circumferencial Road cor. P. Oliveros St., Ynares Center Complex, Antipolo City, Rizal
Phone: (02) 620-2400
Fax: (049) 501-1024